Practical tips for common urinary tract disorders
I hope to provide some practical tips on how to manage a few common urinary tract disorders. This will predominantly focus on urolithiasis in the lower urinary tract, including predicting stone type, treatment options (both dissolution and removal techniques) and preventive measures. I will introduce obstructive diseases in the upper urinary tract (i.e., ureteral obstruction), some medical options and then more advanced ‘bypass’ techniques. The use of antibiotics in urinary tract infections will be touched on, particularly to highlight good antimicrobial stewardship. And finally, a brief mention of two uncommon disorders that are often not recognised in veterinary practice, both idiopathic renal haematuria and reflex dyssynergia.
Recording from 27.02.2020
Dr Karina Graham BVSc FANZCVS Specialist in Small Animal Medicine Veterinary Specialists of Sydney (VSOS)
After working in specialty practice for eight years as a veterinary nurse, a Bachelor of Veterinary Science (Hons) was achieved through Sydney University in 2006. Dr Graham completed an internship in surgery and medicine the following year and proceeded directly into a residency training program required for specialist qualification in Small Animal Medicine through North Shore Veterinary Specialist Centre and Veterinary Specialist Centre. Additional externship training was undertaken at the University of California, Davis in cardiology and neurology in 2010. Membership to the Australian and New Zealand College of Veterinary Scientists was achieved later that year and she obtained Fellowship to the College in 2013 permitting her to become a registered specialist in Small Animal Medicine. Dr Graham enjoys all aspects of complex medicine and has a particular interest in interventional radiologic procedures of the urinary and respiratory tracts. Outside work her life is devoted to her family, the snow and the beach.