Endoscopy of the airways in dogs and cats

Which sampling technique should be rather used if a focal bronchial lesion is found on thoracic radiographs in a dog?
Transtracheal wash
Bronchoalveolar lavage
Endotracheal wash
Nasal swab
What are the 3 most common pathologies affecting the nasal cavity of dogs?
Nasal aspergillosis, nasal tumor, primary inflammatory rhinitis
Bacterial rhinitis, nasal aspergillosis, nasal tumor
Primary inflammatory rhinitis, nasal polyp, nasal tumour
Nasal aspergillosis, oro-nasal fistulae, bacterial rhinitis
Does the use of airway endoscopy ALONE allow the diagnosis of some pathologies?
Inflammatory rhinitis
Laryngeal paralysis
Eosinophilic bronchopneumopathy
Tracheal tumour
Which of the following procedures is NOT usually done under endoscopic guidance?
Tracheal stent placement
Nasopharyngeal ballooning
Sinus trephination
Nasal biopsies
For which of the following disease processes can be treated using endoscopy?
Chronic bronchitis
Nasopharyngeal stenosis
Eosinophilic bronchopneumopathy
Nasal aspergillosis
Which of the following combinations of findings would you expect in the airway endoscopy of a dog with chronic bronchitis?
White and discoloured bronchial mucosa and absence of secretions
Rounded and thickened bronchial edges and mucoid secretions
Erythema and ulcerations of the bronchial mucosa and haemorrhagic secretions
Sharp and thin bronchial edges and purulent secretions
During an endoscopic examination of the trachea of a dog, you note that its diameter is reduced by 50%. What grade would you classify this dog into?
Grade I
Grade II
Grade III
Grade IV
Which of the following procedure requires the use of a rigid endoscope?
Nasopharyngeal endoscopy
Nasal endoscopy
Which of the following type of rhinitis is the most common in dogs?
Neutrophilic rhinitis
Eosinophilic rhinitis
Lymphoplasmacytic rhinitis
Monocytic rhinitis
Which of the following combinations of findings would you expect in the airway endoscopy of a dog with nasal aspergillosis?
Erythematous mucosa and abundant purulent secretions
Turbinates destruction and white plaques
Mass effect and haemorrhagic secretions
Normal mucosa and turbinates and mucoid secretions